Description and Diagnostic Characteristics: Silvery, with brassy sides and a dark bluish green back, upper jaw has median notch. A black spot behind gill opening, followed along flank by approximately 6 lines of smaller spots. Has a sharp-edged belly. The rear margins of the scales are nearly vertical (not rounded), and are edged with long comb-like teeth instead of being smooth.
Size: Average around 8”
Age at Maturity: Most likely, sometime in their 3rd year.
Range: Nova Scotia to Florida
Habitat: Ranges widely in open water but stays closer inshore during the summer months, juveniles tend to stay in rivers and estuaries.
Bait and Tackle: Cast netting or spinning tackle with multi-hook bait rigs
Fishing Method: Still fishing, drift
Food Value: Very oily so they are best used for bait