Description and Diagnostic Characteristics: Back and upper sides are dark bluish-gray or green with distinct horizontal black barrings; lower sides and belly are silvery and white. Tail is deeply forked. It has a blunt nose and small mouth.
Size: Can get up to 48” (SL), usually run around 1-3 pounds but 5-pounders are common and the maximum weight is probably around 10 pounds
Age at Maturity: Females mature in their 4th year when they are between 15.8 – 16.5 inches, males mature in their 3rd year when they are between 13-15 inches.
Range: Florida to Nova Scotia
Habitat: Shallow coastal waters and bays, ventures far into fresh water.
Bait and Tackle: Cast netting works best but they can also be caught with a cane pole. Baits include plastic or real worms, corn, bacon, etc. Fish must be taken when they mouth the bait since they will usually not eat it.
Fishing Method: Still fishing
Food Value: Excellent meat and roe